Theme 19: Architecture
  1. Sustainable Vernacular Architecture​

The current global crisis of energy resources, climatic deterioration, pollution, non-biodegradable waste and recourses depletion necessitated the demand of sustainable vernacular architecture. Sustainable and indigenous architectural practice is an urgent requirement of the modern world especially in the developing countries. Basics of Vernacularism are energy efficiency and sustainability, climate responsive, harmonious with environment, regional and culturally connected traditions. It also includes the methods involving low cost indigenous construction techniques with native knowledge and local workmanship, finally, resulting in optimum utilization of resources.

2. Theories of Architecture

3. Ancient Architecture 

4. Asian Architecture 

5. Islamic Architecture 

6. Modernism and Post-modernism

7. Architecture of various Systems